Lifted Junction Tree Algorithm

We look at probabilistic first-order formalisms where the domain objects are known. In these formalisms, the standard approach for inference with first-order constructs include lifted variable elimination (LVE) for single queries. To handle multiple queries efficiently, the junction tree algorithm takes advantage of the underlying knowledge base being constant. To benefit from these advantages in the first-order setting, we transfer the idea of lifting to the junction tree algorithm and introduce the lifted junction tree algorithm (LJT). It aims at reducing computations by introducing a first-order cluster representation of a knowledge base, called first-order junction trees, which compactly represents symmetries, and using LVE in its computations.

So far, we have extended the original LJT

  • to include the lifting tool of counting to lift even more computations and 
  • to identify and prevent unnecessary groundings,
  • to effectively handle evidence in a lifted manner, and
  • to answer conjunctive queries.

Given multiple queries, e.g., in machine learning applications, our approach enables us to compute answers faster than existing approaches tailored for single queries and the propositional version of the junction tree algorithm.



  • Tanya Braun, Ralf Möller: Counting and Conjunctive Queries in the Lifted Junction Tree Algorithm
    to be published in: Graph Structures for Knowledge Representation and Reasoning - 5th International Workshop, GKR 2017, Melbourne, Australia, August 21, 2017, 2017
  • Tanya Braun, Ralf Möller: Preventing Groundings and Handling Evidence in the Lifted Junction Tree Algorithm
    in: KI 2017: Advances in Artificial Intelligence - 40th Annual German Conference on AI, Dortmund, Germany, September 25-29, 2017, 2017
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  • Tanya Braun, Ralf Möller: Lifted Junction Tree Algorithm
    in: KI 2016: Advances in Artificial Intelligence - 39th Annual German Conference on AI, Klagenfurt, Austria, September 26-30, 2016, 2016, Gerhard Friedrich, Malte Helmert, Franz Wotawa (Ed.), Springer, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol.9904, p.30-42
    DOI BibTeX
  • Tanya Braun, Ralf Möller: Lifted Junction Tree Algorithm
    IFIS, Universität zu Lübeck, 2016, Long version of the KI 2016 conference paper
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